violence

Favelas or War Zones?

November 6, 2017

In September 2017, Brazil’s military was deployed to manage the chaos between rival drug gangs in the Rocinha favela in Rio de Janeiro. The violence escalated to the point where the airspace over the favela was shut down. Schools, businesses, and streets were on lockdown with residents hiding in their homes using social media to communicate the events outside. The 950 soldiers deployed to the community suspect the infamous ruling drug lord Antonio Bonfim Lopes aka Nem to be behind the violence from inside prison.

Violence in the Northern Triangle stands out in the 2017 Armed Conflict Survey

May 16, 2017

The combination of high levels of political violence with a relative low number of inter-state armed conflicts has been a secular trend of Latin American history. The 2017 Armed Conflict Survey of the London-based International Institute for International Studies (IIIS) confirms the continuity of that historical pattern –which also happens to confirm a global tendency.

Drug Cartels and their Interference in Politics: The Loss of Electoral Competitiveness in Municipal Elections in Mexico

March 15, 2017
Homicides in Mexico

The scandalous financing of several municipal candidates by the Gulf Cartel in Reynosa and Matamoros in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas in 2012[i] have not been isolated phenomena. Many news media have reported the intrusion of narcos in local (municipal) elections by not only financing specific candidates, but also by threatening or assassinating candidates.   Why have narcos been investing resources to interfere in municipal elections?

Venezuela: Where Safety Is Not a Guarantee

October 20, 2016

After the murder of former Miss Venezuela and soap opera actress Monica Spear, more concerns have contributed to the discussion of safety in the violence-stricken country. After being in a vehicle deemed “too modest” by her attackers, Monica Spear and her husband were murdered by gunshots, leaving their five-year-old daughter an orphan.

Problema Carcelario en América Latina: Autogobierno, Violencia, y Estado Ausente

October 12, 2016

El autogobierno en el sistema penitenciario es un fenómeno muy extendido en Latinoamérica que da cuenta de cómo bandas delictivas altamente organizadas le disputan al estado, muchas veces con éxito, el manejo real de las cárceles. De esta manera, el estado pierde uno de sus atributos constitutivos, el cual es tener el monopolio del poder coercitivo.

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