While much of the United States has been figuratively dancing in the streets about the incredibly low gas prices as of late, others have not been so fortunate to enjoy the plummet. Rather, their economies have been suffering because of it. One such nation is Venezuela, which has recently entered into a recession due to the global lack of demand for oil. Oil has been Venezuela’s primary export for years, which accounts for 96 percent of its foreign currency reception.1 The central Venezuelan bank also noted 63.6 percent inflation between November 2013 and November 2014.
A recent survey conducted by the Venezuelan polling firm Datánalisis reveals that the popularity of Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro now stands at about 22 percent (El Universal 2014). Maduro won the presidential election in April 2013 with 50.6 percent of the vote - an extremely thin margin compared to the impressive electoral performance of his predecessor – Hugo Chavéz. Ever since, negative public assessment of Maduro is on the rise.
Hace poco me pidieron escribir sobre el “centro” político en un medio Venezolano. La idea era escribir una columna de opinión sobre sobre lo que significa ser “de centro” hoy. Después de pensarlo con cuidado, llegué a la conclusión de que el centro, por lo menos el centro entendido como un punto medio entre dos extremos ideológicos es difícil de encontrar. Es posible pensar que existen personas menos radicales que otras, pero no conozco la primera persona que esté interesada en política y sea totalmente neutral.
A recent report published by the Deutsche Bank revealed that China is rebalancing their economy, creating potentially devastating effects for Latin America. The report highlights the declining growth of real GDP as China shifts from a production to consumption based economy. The shift will have the largest effect on countries that primarily trade natural resources with China. The lessening of dependence on Latin America for metals such as iron ore, copper and crude oil will specifically hurt Chile and Venezuela.
China’s recent mini economic collapse this past summer caused mayhem not only within its borders but thousands of miles away in many Latin American countries. Ever since the early 2000s China has been one of the leading foreign investors across Latin America in countries such as Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela.
On April 12, 2016, the Supreme Court of Venezuela declared the Law of Amnesty unconstitutional. The amnesty law, presented by the Bureau of Democratic Unity (MUD), aimed to benefit 78 political prisoners and, after approval, President Maduro reiterated that it "would not pass," because – according to him – Amnesty was intended to "protect criminals."
The porous 2,219 km land border between Colombia and Venezuela was closed in August of 2015, by order of the Venezuelan president Nicolás Maduro, as part of a campaign against smuggling and alleged paramilitaries operating in the area. Since then, hundreds of Colombian citizens living on the Venezuelan side of the border have been expelled and several thousand returned on their own with fear of deportation.
Pelo Malo is a poignant coming-of-age story which chronicles the journey of Junior, a young boy growing up in Caracas, Venezuela. The film, written and directed by Mariana Rondón, has garnered much critical acclaim since its release in 2013. In the 2013 Festival of San Sebastián, Pelo Maloreceived the top honor of the “Concha de Oro,” which is awarded for the best film.1
Original article: Zaremberg, Gisela. 2016. "Gender versus “the People“? Mobilization, Co-option and Participation in Venezuela, Nicaragua and Brazil," Latin American Research Review 51(1): 84-108. DOI: 10.1353/lar.2016.0009
This article revisits a question pointedly asked in 1985 by Maxine Molyneux, (theorist, analyst and key feminist activist), based on the case of Nicaragua, namely, “What is the capacity of socialist governments to satisfy their commitment to the emancipation of women?”