On 5 February 2015, some 200 employees of the mining company Yanacocha invaded the property of the Peruvian land rights defender Ms. Maxima de Chaupe. She has lived in an area known as Tragadero Grande, Cajamarca for over 20 years. In 2011 Yanacocha Mining Company, a Peruvian-American-World Bank transnational enterprise, attempted to buy the 49-year-old woman’s land and when she refused to sell it, a campaign of intimidation, violence, and judicial courts ensued.
The funding of sub-national government as part of strategies to decentralise administrative structures is usually considered as a condition for success. Without a degree of fiscal autonomy, local government is unable to exercise latitude in the choice of spending priorities that comes with the delegation of authority and responsibility. However, as the recent experience of Peru shows, fiscal decentralisation is far from problem-free, especially when democratic, participative and accountable layers of government are largely missing.
China’s recent mini economic collapse this past summer caused mayhem not only within its borders but thousands of miles away in many Latin American countries. Ever since the early 2000s China has been one of the leading foreign investors across Latin America in countries such as Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela.
Climate change has a serious impact on the world’s fresh water supplies, especially in many developing countries that are already struggling with scarce water resources and increasing water conflicts and where water security and water equity are burning issues on the agenda of national governments and local authorities. As discussed recently in the Latin American Research Review , the problem is particularly urgent in mountain regions where fresh water supply mainly comes from glacial melt water.
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, the 77-years old economist who took office as President of Peru on July 28, has strong ties both with the city of Pittsburgh and the University of Pittsburgh.
Renata Flores, a 15-year-old from Ayacucho, Peru, has taken major strides in promoting what is considered a dying language. Flores, a prior contestant on the TV program, La Voz Kids, has produced several YouTube videos translating hit pop songs into the indigenous language, Quechua. Her videos “The Way You Make Me Feel” by Michael Jackson and “Fallin” by Alicia Keys have picked up over one million views.
This November, Peruvian president Ollanta Humala signed a decree designating a massive area of the Amazon jungle a new national park.1 Sierra del Divisor National Park, whose an area of 5,470 square miles is greater than the United States’ Yellowstone and Yosemite National Parks combined, connects two protected areas on either side of it to finally link together the Andes-Amazon Conservation Corridor.2,3 The green corridor now protects 67 million contiguous acres of pris
Peruvian presidential, vice-presidential, congressional, and Andean Parliament elections will be held on April 10, 2016.1 Similar to the previous 2011 election, it is predicted that this election will go into a runoff election in early June because none of the candidates will win a majority of the vote. To win in the first round, a candidate will have to win 50 percent of the vote.2