Research usually starts by the formulation of theories, based on previous observations. From these theories, hypotheses are derived. Then, these hypotheses are tested. The test determines if they should be accepted or rejected. In some cases, the hypotheses can be tested by conducting an experiment. In others, observational or non-experimental designs are used.
The mayor of Bogotá Gustavo Petro, a former M19 guerrilla, was released from his post and banned from holding public office for 15 years on December 9th following an accusation of mismanagement of Colombia’s capital city.
Although a 2011 law promised the recovery of land to displaced Colombian farmers, the government has failed to follow through on its word. Many peasants of this country have lost their lands and homes due to expulsion by armed paramilitary organizations and drug traffickers.
The Colombian government and the left-wing rebel group, the FARC, have been participating in peace talks for the last year in Havana, Cuba. The drug regulation plan was proposed by the FARC during these talks, now in the 19th round.
For the last 50 years, Colombia’s most prominent guerrilla group, the FARC or Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, have fought violently for land reform and justice for the poor. Formed in 1964, the Marxist peasant movement has used violence to bring attention to their cause, which has mostly been funded by the lucrative drug trade. However, over the last year in Havana, Cuba, negotiators from both the FARC and the Colombian government have been meeting in an effort to end the 50-year war.
A great deal of media coverage has been devoted to the persistent instability in Colombia and ongoing negotiations between the FARC and the Colombian government. However, little attention is paid to the effects that this conflict has had on Colombia’s southern neighbor, Ecuador, and the tenuous relations between the two nations.
La antroposociología nos señala que ciertas condiciones materiales y espirituales inducen la aparición de determinado tipo de producción estética. La correspondencia entre lo material y lo espiritual, expresado en el mundo del arte, no es ya, pues, una sorpresa para nadie. Si echamos una mirada, aunque leve, a Antonio Cándido, a Ángel Rama o a René Wellek y a Austin Warren en su Teoría Literaria, para señalar sólo a tres, podemos corroborarlo.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) recently concluded the annual Article IV Consultation with Colombian policymakers, which took place from March 3rd-13th.2The IMF mission was headed by Valerie Cerra, who concluded that Colombia had a strong macroeconomic policy framework and was able to weather the global financial crisis through an inflation-targeting regime, maintaining
On December 9th, 2013, then mayor of Bogotá Gustavo Petro was dismissed from his post and subsequently banned from holding public office for 15 years.1 Petro was a former M19 guerrilla and longtime opposition leader who was known for being the highest ranking former guerilla in Colombia. The man who made the decision to fire Petro due to ‘gross mismanagement’ was Inspector General Alejandro Ordóñez, who has a reputation for doing away with leftist politicians.