Last year as Brazil geared up to hold the Summer 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, a huge corruption scandal hit the country: “Operação Lava Jato”, or “Operation Car Wash”. After much turmoil and international attention, many thought the scandal would subside with the new year. However, this has not been the case. And the scandal is still making headlines over a year since it first began, having become clear that it involves more than just Brazil.
When the Colombian Congress approved the peace agreement with the country’s largest dissident guerrilla group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), at the end of November 2016, the accord was hailed as a triumph: the long-awaited end to fifty
Seven Miss Universe, six Miss World, seven Miss International, and two Miss Earth titles have made Venezuela one of the top countries to produce the most “Misses” in the world. Many other countries around the world also value these international beauty pageants and also rank high in international pageant winners including the United States, India, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Puerto Rico1.
Deliberation can be generally understood as debate and discussion aimed at producing reasonable, well-informed opinion in which participants are willing to revise their preferences in the light of discussion, new information, and claims made by fellow participants.
Research usually starts by the formulation of theories, based on previous observations. From these theories, hypotheses are derived. Then, these hypotheses are tested. The test determines if they should be accepted or rejected. In some cases, the hypotheses can be tested by conducting an experiment. In others, observational or non-experimental designs are used.
The mayor of Bogotá Gustavo Petro, a former M19 guerrilla, was released from his post and banned from holding public office for 15 years on December 9th following an accusation of mismanagement of Colombia’s capital city.
Although a 2011 law promised the recovery of land to displaced Colombian farmers, the government has failed to follow through on its word. Many peasants of this country have lost their lands and homes due to expulsion by armed paramilitary organizations and drug traffickers.
The Colombian government and the left-wing rebel group, the FARC, have been participating in peace talks for the last year in Havana, Cuba. The drug regulation plan was proposed by the FARC during these talks, now in the 19th round.
For the last 50 years, Colombia’s most prominent guerrilla group, the FARC or Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, have fought violently for land reform and justice for the poor. Formed in 1964, the Marxist peasant movement has used violence to bring attention to their cause, which has mostly been funded by the lucrative drug trade. However, over the last year in Havana, Cuba, negotiators from both the FARC and the Colombian government have been meeting in an effort to end the 50-year war.
A great deal of media coverage has been devoted to the persistent instability in Colombia and ongoing negotiations between the FARC and the Colombian government. However, little attention is paid to the effects that this conflict has had on Colombia’s southern neighbor, Ecuador, and the tenuous relations between the two nations.