The combination of high levels of political violence with a relative low number of inter-state armed conflicts has been a secular trend of Latin American history. The 2017 Armed Conflict Survey of the London-based International Institute for International Studies (IIIS) confirms the continuity of that historical pattern –which also happens to confirm a global tendency.
News and Politics
In April of 1948, a full-page cartoon in Carteles showed a paterfamilias being asked by his daughter, “Papá, what’s a politician?” Visibly upset, he dropped his cigar and bellowed, “Young lady!
When Ecuador held an election to choose their next president in mid-February, candidate Lenín Moreno had a clear advantage over the seven other contenders, with over 10% more of the vote than the runner-up, Guillermo Lasso. But when Moreno’s final share of the vote, at 39.36%, came up just short of the 40% needed to win, it became clear that a runoff election would be needed. Suddenly a victory by Moreno was not such a sure thing, and polls started to point to a possible triumph by rival Lasso.
As President Donald Trump has assembled what seems to be one of the most male-dominated cabinets in recent U.S. history, many are wondering what a female president might have done in his place. It is worth looking at Latin America—which has elected female presidents more times than any other region of the world—for lessons on how and why female presidents use their power differently from their male counterparts. In Latin America, presidents have virtually no formal restrictions on who they can nominate (i.e. no legislative body approves the presidents’ ministerial picks).
A comienzos del año 1992, el entonces Presidente de los Estados Unidos, George Bush, era considerado imbatible por la mayoría de los analistas políticos, fundamentalmente debido a sus éxitos en política exterior, como el fin de la Guerra Fría y la Guerra del Golfo Pérsico.
La guerra contra las drogas que tiene lugar en Latinoamérica ha impactado el desarrollo de los países de la región y la vida cotidiana de sus ciudadanos. El último reporte de la Oficina para las Drogas y el Crimen de las Naciones Unidas (UNODC) reporta en 2014 una tasa de 26 homicidios por 100 mil habitantes para Centroamérica, comparada con una tasa de menos de 5 por 100 mil habitantes para América del Norte y de menos de 2 por 100 mil habitantes en Europa. Venezuela, Colombia y Brasil tienen tasas similares a las de Centroamérica.